Doug Sivad's Rothila Rothila ~ a west african marketplace, or store

Some Colonial Africa Black Women. Eurafrican women--cultivated, entrepreneurial, and of elite status--emerge from the text as historical individuals. They helped to determine the commercial and social relations of European traders, were essential to maintaining the physical and mental health of these men, and were patrons of religious practice. There is the story of Senhora Catarina of the Petite Cote who acted as commercial agent for the king of Cayor, who served as interpreter during commercial negotiations and whose slaves traded up country on her behalf. There is Bibiana Vaz who owned a two-masted ship, among other vessels, and who managed an extensive trading network centered on Cacheu. There are also the stories of La Belinguere of Niumi, the indispensable intermediary for all European trade along the Gambia, who spoke Portuguese, French, and English and whose hospitality, fashion, and cuisine were legendary, and of Senhora Doll who created a trading dynasty which virtually monopolized commerce in the Plantain and Banana Islands. There is Seniora Maria, whose "town" on the Sierra Leone peninsula foreshadowed the later settlement of Freetown, and there is Betsy Heard, who was educated in England and then returned to manage a slave factory on the Bereira River. Signora Philippa turned her house in Rufisque into a Catholic chapel, while Senhora Catarina, despite her Catholicism, patronized a Muslim "grand marabout." Far beyond the narrow confines of trade and commerce, therefore, it is the formation of a cosmopolitan Creole society, exemplified later in the nineteenth century by the famous signares of Saint Louis, which is revealed--a society largely created by women..-- A Review by: Eric Ross, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Al Akhawayn University in Ifrane of George E. Brooks "Eurafricans in Western Africa: Commerce, Social Status, Gender, and Religious Observance from the Sixteenth to the Eighteenth Century." Western African Studies Series. (Note: Also, Penda Lawrence, Gambia slave trader, made business trips to Charleston, S.C., in 1772) SWACK  ^  Historical Notes Past

Watch MUSKOGA The Trailer ~~ also ~~ Mascogo Doc Promo First Rough Cut

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~Some History & Lore~

Some Notes on Pre-Colonial West Africa

Ancient African Voyages to the "lands of the setting sun"

Evolution: Black Seminole Indians
Istoko - A Seminole Folktale

In Indian Territory
Black Seminole Indians - the Freedmen

Into Coahuila, Mexico New names, new families, new culture, new life.

Texas - Back In The U.S.A.
Same ol' story, same ol' lies

Muspa Underground Railroad to Mexico

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~ Bill of Fare ~

Doug Sivad
author, actor, lecturer,
producer, director

Muskoga Seminole Indians of Mexico & Texas--A Lecture

w h o I a m . . . | . . . m o r e

The Black Seminole Indians of Mexico & the Mascogo
Plus BONUS History
Muskogee Indian Underground Railroad to Mexico

Black Seminole
Indians of Texas

A Bibliography
Black Seminole Indians
Mexico & Texas

Gone To Croatan
Origins of American Dropout Cultures

Ron Sakolsky & James Kroenlin


AfriGeneas Black Indian Forum


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